Dominican Republic

The Dominican Republic is together with Haiti part of the island of Hispaniola. Dominicans have experienced political and civil disorder, ethnic tensions, export-oriented booms and busts, and long periods of military rule.

Dominican Republic

About Dominican Republic

The Dominican Republic together with Haiti is part of the island of Hispaniola, in the Caribbean Sea. In pre-Columbian times, the nation’s coasts and interior plains were inhabited by Arawak Indians. Throughout the colonial period, the population of European colonists and African slaves grew slowly. Their mulatto descendants now predominate in most regions of the country. The population of The Dominican Republic was around 10.7 million in 2019. Santo Domingo, the national capital is the center of the nation’s most densely populated regions on the southern coast. Santo Domingo was founded by the Spanish in 1496 and it was the first permanent town established by Europeans in the Americas. Dominicans have experienced political and civil disorder, ethnic tensions, export-oriented booms and busts, and long periods of military rule.

Although the Dominican Republic and Haiti share a lot of their history, there are huge differences between them. Approximately 1 million Haitian people live undocumented in the Dominican Republic, forming the biggest part of the population of the Dominican Republic who live in extreme poverty. Most of the Haitian people live in small rural communities, without access to health care, education, and other necessities. Hungry For Life’s local partner aims to support the poorest of the poor in these rural Haitian and Dominican communities.

10.7

Million people

10%

Live in extreme
poverty

3%

Lack access to clean
water

13%

Lack access to basic
sanitation

6.22%

Lack basic literacy

8.9%

Lack employment

74

Year life expectancy

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